The history of the shahadat of Imam Hasan(a.s.) is no less treacherous. Imam Hasan(a.s.) had a wife named Jada binte Ashas bin Qais. She was bribed to poison the Imam(a.s.) by Moawiya on promise of a handsome amount of cash and marriage with his son Yazeed(l.a.).... Show More >>The history of the shahadat of Imam Hasan(a.s.) is no less treacherous. Imam Hasan(a.s.) had a wife named Jada binte Ashas bin Qais. She was bribed to poison the Imam(a.s.) by Moawiya on promise of a handsome amount of cash and marriage with his son Yazeed(l.a.). She poisoned Imam Hasan(a.s.) in milk with a poison called “Hilahil” and while Imam(a.s.) was drinking it, his liver got torn apart and its pieces fell into the milk pot. Jada was ditched by Moawiya saying that when she could conspire against a person such as Imam Hasan(a.s.), she could do that with anyone so he would not marry his son with her. She was eventually thrown into a river on Moawiya’s orders.
After his martyrdom, despite his will he was not allowed to be buried close to the Prophet Mohammad(sawaw) by a group of Sahabas of bani-ummaya tribe lead by a wife of the Prophet(sawaw). The followers of Imam Ali(a.s.) tried to take his janaza several times to the Hujra of Prophet Mohammad(sawaw) for burial but to no avail. In the final effort, the janaza was attacked by arrows and according to a tradition, 70 arrows pierced in the dead body of Imam Hasan(a.s.). Finally he had to be buried in the darkness of the night in Jannat-ul-Baqi.
A few words of Masaib
On the 28th of Safar in 50th A.H., Imam Hasan(a.s.) visited the grave of his mother and his grand father(sawaw). When Imam Hasan(a.s.) returned to his home in the evening, he knew of the intentions of Jada binte Ashas. He asked her to bring milk and do what she had in her mind. As soon as Imam Hasan(a.s.) drank a little bit of the milk, the poison started making its effect and the pieces of his liver came out of his mouth.
Seeing this, his other wife Umm-e-Farwa – the mother of Hazrat Qasim(a.s.) - rushed towards him. It was already night and she was very worried. She asked Qasim to go and inform the sisters of Imam Hasan(a.s.). Qasim was only about 3 or 4 years so he said how would I tell them what had happened so Umm-e-Farwa told him that his condition would tell all the story. She tore off the dress of Qasim, took off his little turban and poured mud in his hair. Then asked him to go to the nearby house of Bibi Zainab(s.a.) and Bibi Umm-e-Kulsoom(a.s.).
The daughters of Imam Ali(a.s.) were preparing for the namaz-e-shab when Qasim(a.s.) knocked the door. When they saw him in this state, they started weeping and asked him what had happened. Qasim(a.s.) told them that his father is in his last moments in this world. They were the daughters of Imam Ali(a.s.) so they knew what had happened. They hurriedly reached the house of Imam Hasan(a.s.). Imam(a.s.) asked Bibi Umm-e-Farwa to hide the milk pot so his sisters would not see his blood in it. Daughters of Imam Ali(a.s.) said please don’t hide the pieces of our brother from us, we have come to collect them in our hijab and would preserve them.
Imam Hasan(a.s.) gathered all his relatives and appointed Imam Hussain(a.s.) as the next Imam by the will of Allah(swt). He asked Imam Hussain(a.s.) to try to bury him next to the Prophet Mohammad(sawaw) but if that were not possible then not to harm anyone and bury him in Jannatul Baqi. He breathed his last in the night of 28th Safar.
Imam Hussain(a.s.) took out the funeral of his brother with some of his companions but for the first time in history the janaza of a muslim was returned back without burial and the slain body of Imam Hasan(a.s.) was riddled with arrows. Both the brother Imams had arrows in their destiny – the only difference was that arrows were in the body of Imam Hasan(a.s.) but Imam Hussain(a.s.)’s body was on arrows.
All brothers and sisters of Imam Hasan(a.s.) then sat together to take out the arrows one by one weeping and shouting aloud – wa Muhammada, wa Hasana, wa musibata.
Ala lanatullahe alal quamiz zalimin. Sayalamul lazina zalamu ayya munqalabi yanqaliboon. Inna lillahe wa inna ilehe rajeoon. Show Less >>
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